Organic products are those for which organic methods of cultivation, breeding and control of diseases and pests are used. Chemical formulations are not to be used at any stage of production/growth. Organic fruits and vegetables are those grown in certified areas using only organic fertilizers to control insects, weeds and pests, while organic meat and organic poultry are called those that only feed on certified organic foods with a parallel ban on growth hormone administration or use medicine other than the authorized or with no veterinarian present. Organic products of plant origin are divided into two categories, organic products in transition and organic products, as the former are produced in 'converted' farms, as they say, where the principles of organic farming are applied for a period of at least one year And ensure that pesticides or their residues are absent from the finished products. Until 26-01-2015 (according to official data from the Ministry of Agricultural Development and Food here), the approved bodies for the control and certification of organic farming products amount to fifteen.
An enterprise to produce certified organic products must act first as follows:
An application is submitted for inclusion in the certification system, accompanied by the necessary forms (cultivation plan or production-processing plan, topographical plot etc) required depending on the nature of the unit. In addition, when the plant is integrated into the control and certification system, the producer/trader prepares a full description of the plant and submits all those measures and commitments that have to be taken at farm level to ensure compliance with the provisions of Regulations 834/2007 and 889/2008. Following the application, a contract is signed between the unit manager and the Certification Body and the initial control of the unit.
Inspections carried out under the control and certification of organic farming / livestock products are distinguished in (a) initial inspection (or initial inspection), (b) annual inspection and (c) extraordinary inspection. During the annual and / or extraordinary inspection, the auditors of the Audit and Certification Agency may take samples for analysis and detection not permitted by Regulation 889/2008 at least 5% of the integrated units.
The product certificate presupposes that the company, as the case may be, produces, processes, packs, labels or imports from third countries products of organic farming in accordance with the requirements of Regulations 834/2007 and 889/2008. Failure to comply with the commitments of current national and Community legislation governing the production and marketing of organic products includes penalties which include, inter alia, non-granting or revoking the product certificate resulting in the automatic removal of the right to label Product as organic or refer to the organic production method as well as other stricter penalties in cases of more serious infringements. The maintenance of the certificate of conformity requires continued compliance with the requirements of the organic farming certification system. Organic farming products, in accordance with European legislation, are labeled with a reference to their organic production method. The mark of compliance with the requirements of Regulations 834/2007 and 889/2008 is only placed on certified products and can be used outside the product labels and any promotions of the producer/entrepreneur (promotional brochures, website, etc.).