The aromatic and medicinal plants are known for their beneficial properties since the Assyrians and Sumerians, while in ancient Greece the use of such plants was particularly widespread as there are written references to several texts, eg the herbs listed in the entire Hippocratic Collection are 248. In the years of rebirth, trade in spices was the reason for exploring the world, while in the last few decades there was a shift from the extensive industrial use of synthetic materials to exploitation Substances of plant origin. Aromatic and medicinal plants can be used either as a fresh / dry drink or as an essential oil in the beverage industry, in the food and beverage industry, in the pastry, in the cooking, in the pharmaceutical, in the cosmetics and perfumery industry etc. Be propagated in the following ways: grains, cuttings, shoots, bulbs, rhizomes, fleets, seedlings and rafts. The main cost elements in the cultivation of aromatic and medicinal plants are, in principle, propagating material, weed control, product collection and drying and distillation in essential oils.
Essential oils have a special role in agriculture as they can be used to attract insects, as pesticides, as feeds, etc. While their quality depends on the cultivation techniques, the location and microclimate of the plantation, the part of the plant to be utilized, the maturity of the plant and the time of collection.
In the Greek flora there are about one hundred basic species known to be: chamomile, marjoram, thyme, dittaman, sage, mountain tea, peppermint, oregano, laurel, rosemary, melissa, fennel, basil, rosewood, anise And there is a rich variety, their cultivation is problematic due to incomplete data, lack of vertical integration, cultivation and processing dimension, devaluation of economic data and production conditions, lack of a coherent policy, absence of organized processors - standardization - disposal emptive thoughtless and no cost of collection of wild and high labor costs due to low labor supply.