The agricultural sector is an important factor of economic and social cohesion in Greece, both on national and regional level. Greece's integration into the European Community has led to the immediate implementation of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) and the gradual liberalization of trade in agricultural products with other Member States. Consequently, the institutional framework in which Greek agriculture developed has changed radically and the regulatory capacities of national agricultural policy have been significantly reduced.
It covers an area of 131.621 km² (of which 50% is forest) and has a total population of almost 11 million of which nearly half live in rural areas. It is characterised by an agriculture with small-scale structures where farming is difficult, given that:
- 78% of the total Utilised Agricultural Area (UAA) is classified as area facing natural constraints,
- 53.9% is in mountainous regions,
- 86% of water use is consumed in agriculture, often with considerable water losses,
- about 3.8% of farmland is dedicated to organic farming.
Greek agriculture's issues are managed mainly by the Greek Ministry of Agricultural Development and Food. In its website, you can find plenty agricultural data.
This section analyzes the basic characteristics of the Greek agricultural sector. Employment, environment, social dimension and quality of foodstuffs are of particular importance to the economy. Below is a list of all articles related to the agricultural sector in Greece.